Leave a reply Research paradigm and philosophy is an important part of research methodology in order to collect data in effective and appropriate manner. According to Johnson and Christensenresearch paradigm is a perspective that is based on the set of shared assumptions, values, concepts and practices.
STEP ONE Research paradigm In our experience, understanding and setting the research paradigm is without doubt the most confusing part of the dissertation process for students. It is easy to switch off when people talk to you about the philosophy of research, when they start to use words like epistemology and ontology, positivism, post-positivism, critical theory or constructivism, or ask you questions like: What is your view of the nature of reality?
Broadly speaking, research paradigms e. We all have these basic sets of beliefs, but you may not know what they are or what to call them. Your dissertation guidelines may not mention the need to discuss research paradigms or research philosophies; and in some cases, your supervisor may have explicitly told you not to include them.
However, since most students have to produce a Research Paradigm section within their Research Strategy chapter usually Chapter Three: Research Strategyeven if their dissertation guidelines do not mention such things, it is still worth checking with your supervisor whether this is a requirement.
If you leave it out at the start, but are later What is research paradigm in thesis it needs to be included, it can be much more difficult to incorporate at a later date. This is because when applied properly to your research, it is so instrumental in shaping the choices you make when setting your research strategy, as well as affecting the conclusions that you make based on your findings something that we discuss in Chapter Five: Since you are taking on a Route 1: Replication-based dissertation, you will ideally need to understand the research paradigm that underpins your main journal article so that you can compare this with your chosen research paradigm.
Unfortunately, journal articles rarely state the research paradigm that underpinned their research, usually because journals do not require such information to be included, or because many academics will either not think about such things or they will be implicit in the way that the research was carried out or written up.
Since understanding the principals and characteristics of research paradigms can be a difficult process in and of itself, especially at the undergraduate and master's level where you're limited in the time you'll have to look into such things, this makes it very tricky to recognize the characteristics of different research paradigms in the main journal article you are interested in.
As a result, assuming that including a Research Paradigm section within your Research Strategy chapter is a must, this leaves you with two choices: Option A Focus on the research paradigm guiding your dissertation If a difference in the research paradigm underpinning the research in the main journal article and your dissertation is not a major justification for your choice of route or the approach within that route, we would suggest ignoring the research paradigm used in the main journal article, and simply thinking about the research paradigm you want to use in your dissertation.
To do this, you'll need to think about your basic set of beliefs, since it is these beliefs that you have i. Ultimately, since you are doing a quantitative dissertation, this will most likely lead you to choose between a positivist or post-positivist research paradigm.
However, it is worth noting that there are other research paradigms that may be appropriate when taking on a quantitative dissertation, as well as different ways of describing such research paradigms e.
Option B Learn how to recognize some of the main characteristics of research paradigms in a piece of research If a difference in the research paradigm underpinning the research in the main journal article and your dissertation is a major justification for your choice of route or the approach within that route, we would suggest learning how to recognize some of the main characteristics of research paradigms in a piece of research.
A research paradigm can act as a major justification for your choice of route and approach when the choice of research paradigm in the main journal article has led to a potential flaw or limitation in the main journal article. Take the following example: Example A Research paradigms and "wild assertions" Imagine that the authors of your main journal article made what you would consider to be "wild assertions" when it came to saying how far their findings could be generalised.
To illustrate this, imagine that your main journal article examined the relationship between teaching method and exam performance, concluding that the use of seminars in addition to lectures improved exam performance amongst the population of undergraduate students at a single university.
But what if in the Discussion section of the main journal article, the authors had concluded that: The addition of seminars to lectures improves exam performance amongst university students. The authors are making the assertion that their results can be generalised not only to the population that they investigated i.
Now such an assertion could simply reflect a loose writing style, which could be criticised for being nothing more than that, but it could also reflect a particular basic set of beliefs i.
Research paradigm, you should be able to state, describe and justify the research paradigm underpinning your dissertation i.Research paradigm and philosophy is an important part of research methodology in order to collect data in effective and appropriate manner. According to Johnson and Christensen (), research paradigm is a perspective that is based on the set of shared assumptions, values, concepts and practices.
Chapter 4: Research methodology and design Research Paradigm According to TerreBlanche and Durrheim (), the research process has three. I have put together this post to explain what a research paradigm is, which includes ontology, epistemology, theoretical framework and methodology, and why it is important for your research or PhD.
What is the difference between research paradigm and research approach? research paradigm may sound more stable and not open for alteration base don empirical findings whereas an approach can. Using Paradigms for Different Disciplines. A paradigm is a universal outline, one that governs most papers of a given type.
It is not content-specific; rather, it provides a general model and a basic academic pattern of reasoning for all papers with a certain purpose. Jeanette on The research paradigm – methodology, epistemology and ontology – explained in simple language Recent Posts Journal paper published & other news .