Malaysia is a multi-racial, multi-cultural, multi-lingual, and multi-religious country.
National Secondary Schools use Malay as the main medium of instruction because Malay language is the National language of Malaysia while English is a compulsory subject in all schools. SinceScience and Mathematics had been taught in English, however in the government decided to revert to use Malay starting in year In addition, foreign languages such as Arabic or Japanese may be taught at certain schools.
Secondary education lasts for five years, referred to as Form Tingkatan 1 to 5. Most students who had completed primary education are admitted to Form 1. As in primary schools, students are promoted to the next year regardless of their academic performance.
Co-curricular activities are compulsory at the secondary level, where all students must participate in at least 2 activities for most states, and 3 activities for the Sarawak region.
There are many co-curricular activities offered at the secondary level, varying at each school and each student is judged based in these areas. Competitions and performances are regularly organised. Co-curricular activities are often categorised under the following: Student may also participate in more than 2 co-curricular activities.
The Academic stream is generally more desirable. Students are allowed to shift to the Arts stream from the Science stream, but rarely vice versa. Previously, this was reported on result slips as a separate result labelledwhich meant students received two grades for their English papers.
This separate grade is given based on the marks of the essay-writing component of the English paper.
The essay section of the English paper is remarked under the supervision of officials from the British 'O' Levels examination. Although not part of their final certificates, the 'O' Level grade is included on their results slip.
Shortly after the release of the SPM results in Marchthe Education Ministry announced it was considering reforming the SPM system due to what was perceived as over-emphasis on As. Local educators appeared responsive to the suggestion, with one professor at the University of Malaya deploring university students who could not write letters, debate, or understand footnoting.
He complained that "They don't understand what I am saying. I cannot communicate with them.
Secondary schools using other languages as medium of instruction, most of them Chinese schools, were offered government aid on the condition that they convert into English-medium schools.The medium of instruction in national schools is Bahasa Malaysia (the national language) with English as a compulsory subject (taught as second language) while the medium of instruction in national-type primary schools or the vernacular schools is either Chinese or Tamil with both Bahasa Malaysia and English taught as compulsory subjects.
Consequently, English was taught as a subject from year one of all Malay medium primary schools and year three of Chinese and Tamil schools.
Various government documents continued to stress the economic, international and political value of English.
Following the implementation of the National Language Act which stipulated the conversion of all English-medium schools to Malay-medium schools; as well with severe race riots in Kuala Lumpur that occurred later in May , English-medium schools were phased out from January ; by these became Malay-medium schools ("national schools").
Bahasa Malayu is adopted as the official language in Malaysia, while English is taught as a subject in schools.
 Background of the Study As an official language, English is used as the medium. Malaysian education system whereby the Malaysian government decided to introduce English as a language medium to teach science and mathematics at all levels of the education system in stages.
Private schools are required to use the National Curriculum for primary and secondary education, as required by the Education Act The Malaysian curriculum for schools includes the Primary School Standard Curriculum or KSSR for short (Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah) and the Secondary Schools Standard Curriculum for KSSM (Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Menengah).